KIGALI — African leaders on Wednesday signed what is being called the largest free trade agreement since the creation of the World Trade Organization.
AP/ Staff Reporter
The deal creates a continental market of 1.2 billion people, with a combined gross domestic product of more than $3.4 trillion. A major goal is to boost intra-African trade and rely less on the volatility of commodity prices that affect many exports.
The aim is to have agreement, signed by 44 of the African Union’s 55 member states, enter into force by the end of this year, said the chair of the AU Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat. States now must ratify the deal. President Emmerson Mnangagwa was among the heads of state who signed the agreement.
“Our peoples, our business community and our youth in particular cannot wait any longer to see the lifting of the barriers that divide our continent, hinder its economic take off and perpetuate misery, even though Africa is abundantly endowed with wealth,” Mahamat said.
He urged strong follow-up to “confound those who, outside Africa, continue to think, with barely concealed condescension, that our decisions will never materialise.”
Concerns remain. The president of Nigeria Mahammadu Buuhari, one of Africa’s largest economies, skipped the summit amid trade unions’ objections.
And while Africa’s largest economies are expected to benefit most from the deal, some of them worry that more people from poorer countries will migrate their way.
But some of the continent’s strongest and fastest-growing economies, including Ghana and Ethiopia, signed the deal.
MDC-T leader, Nelson Chamisa hailed the signing of the Kigali Declaration on the establishment of ACFTA.
“We cannot allow colonial boundaries and prejudices keep us apart anymore. It is a generational mandate that we shake of the yoke of colonialism and imperialism, and start to do business on our own in our own terms. Gone are the days that Africa is a source of raw materials but fails to process and manufacture its own goods,” Chamisa said.
“The one remaining challenge on our continent is to do with disputed elections, neglected citizens, conflict and violence. I do hope and pray that the spirit of unity and progress exhibited by our leaders, will be reinforced in individual nations, where communities are broken and hurt. You cannot unite a continent made up of broken countries.”