Traditional medicine complementary

This essay aims to delve into the impact of traditional medicine on health in Zimbabwe, highlighting its role, benefits, challenges, and the necessity of integrating it with modern medical practices.

TRADITIONAL medicine has played a significant role in healthcare systems for centuries, and Zimbabwe is no exception. Our country has a rich cultural heritage that embraces traditional healing practices alongside modern medicine.

This essay aims to delve into the impact of traditional medicine on health in Zimbabwe, highlighting its role, benefits, challenges, and the necessity of integrating it with modern medical practices.

Role of traditional medicine

Traditional medicine holds a central place in Zimbabwean healthcare, serving as the primary form of healthcare for many individuals, particularly in rural areas.

It is deeply rooted in the country's cultural and spiritual beliefs, providing holistic approaches to healing that consider physical, mental, and spiritual well-being.

Traditional healers, play a crucial role in diagnosing and treating various ailments using indigenous knowledge and natural remedies.

Benefits of traditional medicine

Traditional medicine in Zimbabwe offers several benefits that contribute to the overall health of the population.

Firstly, it provides accessible and affordable healthcare options, particularly in marginalised and remote communities where modern medical facilities may be scarce.

Traditional medicine utilises locally available herbs, plants, and traditional techniques, reducing the cost burden associated with pharmaceutical drugs and treatments.

Secondly, traditional medicine often complements modern healthcare by focusing on preventive and holistic approaches.

Traditional healers emphasise maintaining harmony within the body and promoting overall well-being, which can help prevent diseases before they manifest. This preventive aspect can have long-term health benefits, reducing the burden on modern medical facilities and resources.


While traditional medicine has numerous advantages, it also faces significant challenges in Zimbabwe. One key challenge is the lack of standardised regulations and quality control mechanisms.

Unlike modern medicine, which undergoes rigorous testing and regulation, traditional medicine lacks a centralised regulatory body to ensure the safety, efficacy, and quality of remedies and treatments.

This poses potential risks to patients and limits the integration of traditional medicine into the modern healthcare system. Another challenge is the issue of misrepresentation and fraud. Due to the lack of regulation, some individuals may exploit traditional medicine for personal gain, making false claims about their abilities or selling counterfeit remedies.

This undermines public trust and creates a need for improved regulation to protect consumers and promote responsible practices.


To fully harness the benefits of traditional medicine and overcome its challenges, integration with modern medical practices is crucial. Integrative medicine recognises the value of both traditional and modern approaches, fostering collaboration and mutual respect between traditional healers and modern healthcare professionals.

Integration can occur at various levels, starting with education and training. By incorporating traditional medicine into the curricula of medical schools and training programmes, future healthcare professionals can gain a broader understanding of traditional healing practices and collaborate more effectively with traditional healers.

Furthermore, establishing formal mechanisms for collaboration and communication between traditional healers and modern healthcare providers can enhance patient care.  Establishing a regulatory body that oversees the safety, efficacy, and quality of traditional remedies and treatments can enhance public trust and ensure responsible practices.

Way forward

Traditional medicine has a significant impact on healthcare in Zimbabwe, offering accessible, affordable, and holistic healthcare options.  While it faces challenges, such as, lack of regulation and misrepresentation, integrating traditional medicine with modern medical practices can maximise its benefits and overcome these obstacles.

And it can only be done by embracing mental emancipation from European colonisation and reconnecting with our African traditions. 

The history of colonisation in Africa has left lasting imprints on the minds of its people. Mental colonisation, characterised by the internalisation of foreign ideologies and the devaluation of indigenous customs, has hindered the continent's progress.

However, we can start a movement towards mental emancipation, as Africans, and reclaim our cultural heritage and embrace traditional customs.  This part of the essay explores the ways we, as Africans, can liberate ourselves from mental colonisation and reconnect with our roots. By studying and engaging with our traditions, we can reclaim our identity, reconnect with our roots, and develop a sense of pride in our heritage.

Preserving oral history,  storytelling

One powerful way to emancipate ourselves mentally is by preserving and sharing our oral history. Storytelling has been a vital aspect of African cultures, transmitting knowledge, values, and traditions across generations.  By actively engaging in storytelling, we revive the narratives that were suppressed during colonisation, ensuring that our customs and wisdom are passed down to future generations.

Revitalising traditional arts, crafts

African arts and crafts reflect our cultural diversity, creativity, and craftsmanship. By reviving and supporting traditional arts, we promote self-expression and economic empowerment within our communities.

This revitalisation not only helps break mental colonisation but also reinforces cultural pride and intergenerational bonds.

Reconnecting with nature and spirituality

Traditional African customs have long held a deep connection to nature and spirituality.

Embracing these practices allows us to reconnect with the natural world and find solace in spiritual beliefs that have sustained our ancestors. By rediscovering the sacredness of our natural surroundings, we honour our heritage while fostering environmental conservation.

Education and critical thinking

Education plays a pivotal role in mental emancipation. By decolonising our educational systems and promoting critical thinking, we challenge Eurocentric narratives and encourage the exploration of African knowledge and philosophies.

By valuing our own intellectual contributions, we empower future generations to question and reshape existing paradigms.


Mental emancipation from colonisation requires a deliberate effort to reclaim, celebrate, and embrace African traditions and traditional medicine in health.

By rediscovering our cultural heritage, preserving oral history, revitalising languages and arts, reconnecting with nature and spirituality, and promoting critical thinking, as Africans we can break free from mental colonisation and foster a sense of pride, identity, and resilience.

Embracing our traditional customs is a powerful step towards realizing our potential, reclaiming our narrative, and building our continent.

It is high time we embraced our supratribal Mhondoro that include Dzivaguru, Chaminuka, Nehanda, Mutota and Karuva. It is only through embracing the strengths of our culture and traditional medicine and modern healthcare, Zimbabwe can develop a robust and inclusive healthcare system that benefits all its citizens.

  • Mavengere is a Zimbabwean medical doctor and pharmacist.
  • Dr Mavengere has a Bachelor of Pharmacy from James Cook University (2014) and a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine from the University of Western Australia (2018). He is now a lecturer at the School of Pharmacy at the University of Western Australia.





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