ADDIS ABABA — A state of emergency imposed in Ethiopia a day after the Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn resigned will last for six months, the Defence minister Siraj Fegessa said on Saturday, as authorities sought to clamp down unrest in Africa’s second most populous nation.
Outbreaks of violence had continued in parts of the country and the government was banning protests, along with the preparation and dissemination of publications “that could incite and sow discord”, Fegessa told journalists.
“The government has previously made several efforts to curtail violence, but lives have continued to be lost, many have been displaced and economic infrastructure has been damaged.”
Desalegn announced his surprise resignation in a televised speech on Thursday, the first time in modern Ethiopian history that a sitting Prime Minister had quit. He said he wanted to smooth the way for reforms.
A day later, the government imposed the state of emergency. Parliament — where the four-party ruling coalition controls all 547 seats – is expected to ratify it within two weeks.
Ethiopia is East Africa’s biggest and fastest-growing economy and a Western ally in the fight against Islamist militancy.
But rights groups have often criticised the government for clamping down on political opponents and the media.
Since January, Ethiopia has released more than 6 000 prisoners charged with taking part in mass protests and, in some cases, offences against the State. It has also closed down a jail where activists alleged torture took place.
Many of the prisoners took part in anti-government protests in 2015 and 2016 in the country’s two most populous provinces, whose ethnic Oromo and Amharic communities complain they are under-represented in the country’s corridors of power.
The demonstrations began against a government plan to expand the capital Addis Ababa, but morphed into greater demands for civil rights.
The government previously imposed a state of emergency in October 2016, which was lifted in August 2017.
During that time, curfews were in place, there were restrictions on movement and around
29 000 people were detained.