Since its formation in 1980, Zimbabwe has never seen such low moments. It is remarkable, given that we have hogged the bottom of the barrel since inception. Chiefly because of Zanu PF’s mismanagement, Zimbabwe is hobbling on its feeble knees while rapidly drifting towards a total collapse. Everything in the country is pointing towards the fact that the centre can no longer hold.
Opinion: Patson Dzamara
For a country embattled by so much, one would assume that the problems lie in some sophisticated symphony of intricacies, nay, Zimbabwe suffers from a political crisis. It is that crisis that is key to solving whatever malaise that follows.
A panoramic view of the status quo:
From the time of its formation in 1963, Zanu PF has gone through various phases. For some strange reasons, it has managed to weather all the storms encountered along the way.
However, Zanu PFfinds itself in a precarious position, dealing with a different kind of stubborn storm. Chances are high that it will not survive the ravaging effects of the current storm. Not only is the storm stubborn, it is multi-pronged.
The crisis of internal democracy in Zanu PF dates back to the pre-independence era and has always been characterised by ruthless toppling of one faction from power by another or attempts to do so. For example, the coup against Ndabaningi Sithole and also the Nhari rebellion.
The revolutionary party has since then been rocked by power struggles with the latest manifestation hinged on the succession of its nonagenarian leader.
On one side there is a faction believed to be led by a long time associate and confidante of President Robert Mugabe, Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa or Ngwena as he is affectionately known by his supporters. The faction nicknamed Team Lacoste is made up of war veterans and diehard extremists, who want Mnangagwa to perpetuate the Zanu PF hardline nationalist stance, but also embrace political and economic reforms to endear itself to the masses. This faction wants Mugabe to resign and give way to a younger Mnangagwa.
On the other hand there is a faction termed G40 believed to be led by the now unpopular Zanu PF political commissar, Saviour Kasukuwere with the eccentric Jonathan Moyo providing the brains. They are rallying around the idea of a much younger person succeeding Mugabe hence the Generation 40 tag.
Initially the G40 faction had the clout of being backed by the First Family. It appeared to be headed for victory, but recent events may lead one to comfortably conclude that they are heading to the historical dustbins with Kasukuwere facing possible expulsion. His women’s league pawns are already singing the blues. G40 is characterised by greedy and ruthless young Turks, who thrive on corruption and resorting to the State repressive machinery to crush and silence opposition.
Not only is Zanu PF on the verge of implosion as a result of factional wars. Its strongman, Mugabe, is in the twilight of his earthly life. At 94, he is no longer as proficient and able, because of old age.
It is a fact that Mugabe sleeps at key forums both domestically and internationally, thereby, compromising the representation and advancement of our collective good. He is the CEO of our country and, therefore, responsible and accountable for the country’s welfare.
Any lapse or incapacity makes him a liability.
The average age of Mugabe’s Cabinet is 75. That he and the political party he leads have reached the twilight of their natural and political life is without question. Also without question is the need for younger and more vibrant political players to attend to the pressing political and socio-economic challenges we face today. Like Rip van Winkle they realise that they slept for a long time and have woken to an unfamiliar reality and they are clueless.
Despite the fact that it still has a massive grassroots base, Zanu PF is more fragile than ever before and that is an opportunity for change.
Zanu PF’s mismanagement and profligacy has landed Zimbabwe in economic doldrums. All economic indicators point towards a State that is on a life support system.
After introducing a useless pseudo currency in November last year, Mugabe’s mafia government has virtually failed to contain the economic catastrophe they created. Cash shortages remain prevalent. The State spends 97% of its revenue on wages. Unemployment is over 90%. The industrial utilisation capacity is below 15%.
Poverty levels in Zimbabwe are alarming. Ninety-six percent of villagers across the country live on less than one dollar a day. Seventy-two percent of the population live below the nation’s poverty line. Zimbabwe imports 80% of its food needs because of a haphazard land reform programme which was presided over by Mugabe. About five million Zimbabweans are in need of food aid. It is estimated that over a million of children go to school hungry. Zimbabwe’s life expectancy, 46 for men and 45 for women, is one of the lowest in the world.
Statistically, Zimbabwe is classified as a little better than a war zone. In reality, the country belongs to the Highly-Impoverished Poor Country(HIPC) status. All key performance indicators of an economy in regression are flashing red.
The backbone of any economy in the 21st century is industrialisation. There are virtually no prospects of our country re-industrialising under the current regime, which has enacted several draconian laws leading to investor apathy. The kiya kiya economics of quail birds, goats, command this and command that will not get us anywhere. We need direct foreign investment to recapitalise. We need the manufacturing sector to bring back the jobs. We need to have the majority of people to have money in their pockets spend and give life to the domestic industry. The sorry status of Zimbabwe’s economy is an opportunity for change.
The opposition movement in Zimbabwe can never be ignored. It is essentially the alternative government.
After many years of disintegrating and engaging in petty fights, the opposition movement of Zimbabwe seems to have finally grasped the fact that Zimbabwe’s common enemy is just but one, Zanu PF. Most opposition parties have shown significant overtures towards regrouping with the intention of fighting from the same corner.
This week, the leaders of the two main opposition parties, Morgan Tsvangirai (MDC-T) and Joice Mujuru (NPP) signed a memorandum of understanding on behalf of their parties to establish a pre-election alliance en route to the establishment of an extrapolated coalition government. Tsvangirai (MDC-T) and Welshman Ncube (MDC) also signed a memorandum of understanding. These are positive steps towards establishing a broad alliance.
Indeed, it is time to unite and mobilise everything and everyone not just in opposition against Zanu PF, but towards a better Zimbabwe. My own personal philosophy has always revolved around team work and unity of purpose — not losing the bigger picture. I believe that the coming together of the opposition political parties is a step in the right direction, but it must not end there.
Bearing in mind that we are dealing with a multi-faceted leadership crisis, the united front should go beyond just political parties. It must accommodate all forces in opposition to regression and in support of progression. This should extend to leaders coming from the social movements as well as cohesion between the young and the old.
We should get out of the fix of being in perpetual opposition by coming up with a winning formula and a blueprint for the future. Zanu PF is an entrenched dictatorship and to win against it is imperative that we are organised, co-ordinated, united and possess clarity of our mission. We need vigilance and hard work before, during and after elections. The steps made, thus far, towards the regrouping of the opposition is an opportunity for change.
The social/citizens movement
The unprecedented rise of the citizens/social movement in Zimbabwe since 2014 gave the citizens a loud and bold voice.
After the disbanding of the Government of National Unity and the 2013 elections, Itai Dzamara was one of the first notable citizens to boldly stand up, speak out and act against Zanu PF’s failure to run the affairs of the country. He started Occupy Africa Unity Square which was ushered in by his petition to Mugabe, calling on him to step down.
That marked the beginning of the current wave of the citizens/social movements. Eventually, Itai was abducted as a result of his resolute stance against Zanu PF’s leadership failure and misrule.
Along the way other citizens/social campaigns such as Tajamuka/Sesijikile, #ThisGown and #ThisFlag were birthed. What was and is still critical to note is the fact that the war is still far from being won. Cognisant of the fact that for the first time in “Independent Zimbabwe”, ordinary citizens were inspired to speak up and that is a good step in the right direction, it’s equally imperative to establish that speaking is not the alpha and omega of our panacea from the plethora of challenges we are grappling with.
I have boldly and constantly stated that without commensurate offline processes (action on the ground) underpinning the online process (complaining, blaming and criticising) we will never reach the projected endgame zone.
To reiterate the point raised earlier in this article, ours is a multi-faceted crisis and as such we need a multi-faceted approach. The role of an active citizens movement cannot be over emphasised in the struggle for the attainment of a democratically just society. The social movements supported by non-governmental organisations and the rest of the civil society play a watchdog role which help to curb the excesses of politicians and thus ensure a healthy society. Critically so as we are staring at the make or break elections.
The social movements are strategically positioned to popularise the pro-democracy campaign, lead the voting in of preferred candidates and defend that vote. There should be an organic relationship between the politicians running for office and these movements for the aspirations are the same and the message is one. The emergence of a vibrant social movement is an opportunity for change.
The aforementioned realities are pregnant with an opportunity for a transition but we must bear in mind that Zanu PF will never reform itself out of power. Zanu PF has constantly and ruthlessly denied Zimbabweans their will. Our status quo carries a bold inscription calling on Zimbabweans from across the divide to join hands and decapitate Mugabe and his ailing Zanu PF.
As we focus on the 2018 elections, we must not be under any illusion, for Zanu PF any type of victory goes. Those gangsters will do anything to remain in power. Their insatiable love for power causes them to never respect the will of the masses.
I call upon all progressive movements to immediately start working towards reactivating nationwide protests. We must shut Zimbabwe down not just for a day but until we liberate ourselves. Our message must be unequivocal. We must make it abundantly clear to Zanu PF that we are ready to defend our wish in our numbers. We are going to vote in our numbers but equally important, we are going to defend our vote in order to liquidate and deplete the monster called Zanu PF.
We can no longer afford to have innocent bystanders in our midst, who believe that their lives are more precious than the ones of those who are sacrificing daily for a better Zimbabwe. Everyone must plug in and pay the price.
A better Zimbabwe we yearn for is not going to be delivered to us on a silver platter. It’s going to cost us sweat, tears, blood and even lives. Let that sink in.
Patson Dzamara is a leadership coach, author and political activist based in Zimbabwe.
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