Males dominate job market — survey


A human resources consultancy firm, Industrial Psychology Consultants (IPC) has said Zimbabwe’s workforce is dominated by males at 67,37% while females account for 32,62%.

IPC, in its latest report titled Profile of Zimbabwean Employee: 2011, reveals that males also earn more than their female peers.

“Women comprise 32,62% of Zimbabwe’s workforce whilst their male counterparts comprise the remaining 67,37% of the workforce.

“Most (eight in every 10) of the employees that earn salaries above $3 000 are males. The same can be said of those that earn between $1 001 and $3 000 a month.

Most of Zimbabwean employed females (42,14%) earn between $501 and $1 000 compared to males where 40,91% earn between $1 001-$3 000,” reads the report.

The survey was done between July and September and IPC said it was “only a snap-shot of the typical Zimbabwean employee in this particular survey period”.
A total of 858 people took part.

The survey results show that basing on the Zimbabwe National Youth Policy, which defines youths as anyone between the ages 10-30 years, 38,30% workforce is among youth.

The manufacturing sector employers most people with 21% followed by financial services sector at 19,70 %, mining 7,40%, non-governmental organisation/ civil service/ embassies 7%, agriculture/ agro-processing 5,50%, IT/ Telecommunications 5% and retail 4,3%.

According to the research public service/quasi-government employed 4,1%, Tourism/Hospitality 3,8%, transport and logistics 3,8%, education/research 3,7%, healthcare 2,7%, construction 2,40%, consultancy/specialist services 1,8%, marketing/advertising/media 1,7%, automotive/engineering 1,45%,petrochemicals 0,9%.

Legal services, printing, power and energy all employed 0,6% while sports and recreation employed 0,5%.

On income and expenditure, IPC said only 14,20% of the employees that participated in the survey earn below $500.

“34,80% of Zimbabwe’s employees earn between $501 and $1 000. Half (49,60%) of Zimbabwe’s managerial employees earn between $1 000 and $3 000,” it noted.

But the report said most Zimbabwean employees by percentage deny their salaries alone are adequate to meet their day-to-day expenses and sustain their dependants.

Most Zimbabwean employees by percentage cited transport 14,8% and accommodation 14,4 as their highest expenditure components.

“What is interesting is that whilst most employees are earning above the official Poverty Datum Line of $500, when asked whether their salary was sufficient to sustain their dependents most of the employee declined. 59,30% said their salary was not sufficient to sustain their dependants whilst 40,70% said it was sufficient.

“. . . Most of the employees across the industrial sectors seem to view their salaries as being inadequate. There are, however, exceptions where employees from automotive and engineering 55,6%, IT/telecommunications 61,5%, printing 60% and power and energy 80%, view their salary as being adequate”.

IPC said workers faced a huge dependency burden. For example “a typical Zimbabwean employee has two children, but when you add the extended family and other relations, the average number of dependents per employee shoots up to five.”