Gaddafi accepts roadmap for peace


Muammar Gaddafi has accepted a roadmap for ending the conflict in Libya including an immediate ceasefire, the African Union said on Monday, but an opposition representative said it would only work if Gaddafi left power.

South African President Jacob Zuma, who met Gaddafi at the head of a delegation of African leaders, urged Nato to stop air strikes on government targets to “give ceasefire a chance”.

Earlier truce offers from Gaddafi have come to nothing and rebels, who took up arms across the east and in some towns in the west after he crushed protests in February, have said they will accept nothing less than an end to his 41 year-old rule.

Asked if the issue of Gaddafi stepping down was discussed at his talks with an African Union delegation in Tripoli, Ramtane Lamamra, AU Commissioner for Peace and Security, told reporters: “There was some discussion.”

However he added: “I cannot report on confidential discussions because first of all I was not part of them, and I think they have to remain confidential between the parties involved.”

Officials from Nato, which stepped up attacks on Gaddafi’s armour on Sunday to weaken a bitter siege of Misrata in the west and disrupt an advance his troops made in the east, were not immediately available for comment on Zuma’s ceasefire appeal.

The British-based representative of the Libyan opposition leadership, Guma al-Gamaty, said it would look carefully at the AU plan, but would not accept any deal designed to keep Gaddafi or his sons in place, the BBC reported.

Libyan officials have repeatedly said Gaddafi will not quit.

Asked if he feared rebels might reject the plan, Lamamra said: “We believe what we have proposed is broad enough to launch negotiations … What we need is for them to accept that we are people of good will.”

“It’s not up to any outside force even the African Union itself to decide on the behalf of the Libyan people on who the leader of the country should be,” Lamamra told a news conference in the early hours of Monday morning after the AU talks.

Zuma met Gaddafi for several hours at the Libyan leader’s Bab al-Aziziyah compound with four other African heads of state.

“The brother leader delegation has accepted the roadmap as presented by us. We have to give ceasefire a chance,” Zuma said, adding that the African delegation would now travel to the eastern city of Benghazi for talks with anti-Gaddafi rebels.

Sunday fighting
There was no sign of any let-up in the fighting and the chances of a negotiated settlement looked slim.

Nato said it destroyed 11 tanks on the outskirts of the eastern rebel town of Ajdabiyah, which looked in danger of being overrun on Sunday, and 14 near Misrata, a lone insurgent bastion in the west that has been under siege for six weeks.

A rebel spokesperson earlier rejected the idea of a deal with Gaddafi to end the conflict, bloodiest in a series of pro-democracy revolts across the Arab world that have ousted the autocratic leaders of Tunisia and Egypt.

“There is no other solution than the military solution, because this dictator’s language is annihilation, and people who speak this language only understand this language,” spokesman Ahmad Bani told al Jazeera television.

Nato intensifies attacks
Nato, mandated by the United Nations to protect civilians in Libya from attacks by Gaddafi’s forces, said it had increased the tempo of its air operations over the weekend, after rebels accused it of responding too slowly to government attacks.

The insurgents hailed the more muscular approach.

The Nato strikes outside Ajdabiyah on Sunday helped break the biggest assault by Gaddafi’s forces on the eastern front for at least a week. The town is the gateway to the rebel stronghold of Benghazi 150km north up the Mediterranean coast.

A Reuters reporter saw six burning hulks surrounded by 15 charred and dismembered bodies in two sites on Ajdabiyah’s western approaches which rebels said were hit by air strikes. “Nato has to do this to help us every single day. That is the only way we are going to win this war,” said 25-year-old rebel Tarek Obeidy, standing over the bodies.

The government attack, which began on Saturday, included a fierce artillery and rocket bombardment, while some of Gaddafi’s forces, including snipers, penetrated Ajdabiyah. Rebels cowered in alleys for several hours under the bombardment.

The corpses of four rebels were found dumped on a roadside.

“Their throats were slit. They were all shot a few times in the chest as well. I just could not stop crying when I saw them,” said rebel Muhammad Saad. “This is becoming tougher and tougher.”

But by afternoon rebels looked back in control of Ajdabiyah, commanding key intersections, and fighting had died down.

Ajdabiyah had been the launch point for insurgents during a week-long fight for the oil port of Brega 70km further west, and its fall would be a serious loss.

Gaddafi appears
Gaddafi, making his first appearance in front of the foreign media in weeks, joined the visiting African leaders at his Bab al-Aziziyah compound.

He then climbed into a sports utility vehicle and was driven about 50m where he waved through the sunroof and made the “V” for victory sign to a crowd of cheering supporters.

The appearance, his second in two days, and Gaddafi’s upbeat demeanour, confirmed the impression among analysts that his circle has emerged from a period of paralysis and is preparing for a long campaign, another sign mediation will be difficult.

Analysts predict a drawn-out, low-level conflict possibly leading to partition between east and west in the sprawling North African Arab state, a major oil and natural gas producer.

Nato’s commander of Libyan operations said the alliance, which took over air strikes against Gaddafi from three Western powers on March 31, had destroyed “a significant percentage” of Gaddafi’s armour and ammunition stockpiles east of Tripoli.

Canadian Lieutenant General Charles Bouchard said after Sunday’s air attacks: “The situation in Ajdabiyah, and Misrata in particular, is desperate for those Libyans who are being brutally shelled by the [Gaddafi] regime.”

Asked for comment on the ceasefire announcement, a British official repeated a well-worn statement: “We will judge Gaddafi by his actions not his words.” – Reuters